BIOSHELTER

A truly natural, environmentally responsible architecture is made practical with Weather Panels. The next two building designs define this spectrum, and, much more clearly, the Climate Envelope illustrations in Section 8. For a building to provide fresh fruit, vegetables, flowers, pure water and air in addition to heating, cooling, and illumination, a design that works like the single family home in Figure 1 may be used. The top story is a greenhouse, solar heater, and solar water distiller. Its roof is transparent Weather Panels. Glare-free shade is provided by potted fruit trees, vegetable planters hanging from the ceiling, and flower arbors. A pleasant place for a living room, dining room, and kitchen. Alternately, traditional living, dining and kitchen rooms may be on the ground floor, while the top story becomes an all year summer garden and gazebo.

Figure 1: Bioshelter House with Greenhouse

The soil for the plants is additional thermal storage. The plants freshen the air by removing pollution from indoor and outdoor sources. Water from sinks, showers, and rain from the roof are fed to the plants, where it transpires from the leaves, cooling the air. This distilled water condenses on and is collected from the Weather Panel ceiling, and from an air to air heat exchanger. This heat exchanger delivers from the greenhouse to the ground floor air which is hot in the winter and cool in the summer, but without greenhouse humidity.

The drawings in Figures 2 and 3 are of a suburban tract home made infinitely more livable by the Climate Envelope/Bioshelter treatment. Same construction cost, with free heat, daylighting, food, fresh air and water. It has a transparent roof, shaped to shed snow, placed over half a hole in the ground formed by a burm. The bedrooms and bathroom are against the wall of the burm in a semicircle. Their roofs are covered with vegetable gardens that also store heat overnight, or cool in the summer. The living room, dining room, and kitchen are out in the open, patio style, under the shade of mango and avocado trees and grape arbors, which bear fruit while it's snowing outside. In the summer, the roof cap pops up for cooling ventilation, especially at night.

Figure 2: Bioshelter Home

Figure 3